Monday, November 21, 2011

Modifier 57 using with E & M code

57 Modifier - Decision for surgery made within global surgical period

E/M services on the day before major surgery or on the day of major surgery that result in the initial decision to perform the surgery are not included in the global surgery payment for the major surgery and, therefore, may be billed and paid separate

If E/M services occur on the day of surgery, the physician bills using modifier 57, not 25. The 57 modifier is not used with minor surgeries because the global period for minor surgeries does not include the day prior to the surgery.

Moreover, when the decision to perform the minor procedure is typically done immediately before the service, it is considered a routine preoperative service and a visit or consultation is not billed in addition to the procedure.


An E/M service on the same day of or on the day before a procedure with a 90- day global surgical period is covered if the physician uses CPT modifier 57 to indicate that the service resulted in the decision to perform the procedure.

Payment may not be made for an E/M service billed with the 57 modifier if it was provided on the day of or the day before a procedure with a zero- or 10-day global surgical period.


E/M Service Resulting in the Initial Decision to Perform Surgery

E/M services on the day before major surgery or on the day of major surgery that result in the initial decision to perform the surgery are not included in the global surgery payment for the major surgery. Therefore, these services may be billed and paid separately.

In addition to the CPT E/M code, modifier “-57” (Decision for surgery) is used to identify a visit that results in the initial decision to perform surgery.

The modifier “-57” is not used with minor surgeries because the global period for minor surgeries does not include the day prior to the surgery. When the decision to perform the minor procedure is typically done immediately before the service, it is considered a routine pre-operative service and a visit or consultation is not billed in addition to the procedure. MACs may not pay for an E/M service billed with the CPT modifier “-57” if it was provided on the day of, or the day before, a procedure with a 000- or 010-day global surgical period.



Reimbursement Guidelines

An E/M service provided the day before or the day of a surgical procedure which resulted in the initial decision to perform surgery is eligible for separate reimbursement in addition to the global surgery allowance for the procedure code when all of the following criteria are met:

** The surgical procedure code is a major surgery (global period of 090 days).

** Modifier -57 is appended to the E/M code.

** The medical record documentation supports the use of modifier 57.

The submission of modifier -57 appended to a procedure code indicates that documentation is available in the patient’s records which will support that the E/M service resulted in the initial decision to perform the surgery, and that these records will be provided in a timely manner for review upon request.


Modifier -57 is not considered valid when the E/M service is associated with a minor surgical procedure (defined as having a 0 or 10 day global period). (CMS2 ) If an evaluation and management (E/M, E&M) service is billed with modifier 57 appended and is identified as related to a minor surgery procedure, the service will be denied as included in the global surgery package despite the use of the modifier. Modifier -57 should not be used when the E/M service was for the preoperative evaluation.


Coding Guidelines

“CPT Surgical Package Definition – By their very nature, the services to any patient are variable. The CPT codes that represent a readily identifiable surgical procedure thereby include, on a procedureby-procedure basis, a variety of services. In defining the specific services “included” in a given CPT surgical code, the following services are always included in addition to the operation per se:…Subsequent to the decision for surgery, one related Evaluation and Management (E/M) encounter on the date immediately prior to or on the date of procedure (including history and physical)…” (AMA1 )

“If a procedure has a global period of 090 days, it is defined as a major surgical procedure. If an E&M is performed on the same date of service as a major surgical procedure for the purpose of deciding whether to perform this surgical procedure, the E&M service is separately reportable with modifier 57. Other preoperative E&M services on the same date of service as a major surgical procedure are included in the global payment for the procedure and are not separately reportable.”

URMC Compliance Office Guidance for Use of Modifier 57 Decision for Surgery

Modifier 57 Decision for Surgery: add Modifier 57 to the appropriate level of E/M service provided on the day before or day of surgery, in which the initial decision is made to perform major surgery. Major surgery includes all surgical procedures assigned a 90-day global surgery period. The global surgery policy includes the E/M service provided on the day before or the day of the major surgery procedures unless the E/M service resulted in the decision to perform surgery. CPT codes for use with modifier -57 are 92002 to 92014 and 99201- 99499, (including ED codes 99281-99285). Reference guide to the use of Modifier -57 Modifier -57  Evaluation and Management (E/M) Documented E/M meets criteria specified in code Initial decision to perform the surgical procedure on same day or another day (E/M day before or day of  major surgery that resulted in initial decision to  perform the surgical procedure)

The following services are not included in the global surgical payment. These services may be billed and paid for separately:

• Initial consultation or evaluation of the problem by the surgeon to determine the need for major surgeries. This is billed separately using the modifier -57 (Decision for Surgery). This visit may be billed separate surgical procedures:


UHC Guidelines

The following services are not included in the global surgical payment. These services may be billed and paid for separately:

** Initial consultation or evaluation of the problem by the surgeon to determine the need for major surgeries. This is billed separately using the modifier -57 (Decision for Surgery). This visit may be billed separately only for major surgical procedures;

Note: The initial evaluation for minor surgical procedures and endoscopies is always included in the global surgery package. Visits by the same physician on the same day as a minor surgery or endoscopy are included in the global package, unless a significant, separately identifiable service is also performed.

Modifier -25 is used to bill a separately identifiable evaluation and management (E/M) service by the same physician on the same day of the procedure.

** Services of other physicians related to the surgery, except where the surgeon and the other physician(s) agree on the transfer of care. This agreement may be in the form of a letter or an annotation in the discharge summary, hospital record, or ASC record;

** Visits unrelated to the diagnosis for which the surgical procedure is performed, unless the visits occur due to complications of the surgery;

** Treatment for the underlying condition or an added course of treatment which is not part of normal recovery from surgery;

** Diagnostic tests and procedures, including diagnostic radiological procedures;

** Clearly distinct surgical procedures that occur during the post-operative period which are not re-operations or treatment for complications;

Note: A new post-operative period begins with the subsequent procedure. This includes procedures done in two or more parts for which the decision to stage the procedure is made prospectively or at the time of the first procedure.


In addition to the E/M code, modifier “-57” (Decision for surgery) is used to identify a visit that results in the initial decision to perform surgery. The modifier “-57” is not used with minor surgeries because the global period for minor surgeries does not include the day prior to the surgery. Where the decision to perform the minor procedure is typically done immediately before the service, it is considered a routine pre-operative service and a visit or consultation is not billed in addition to the procedure. Carriers/MACs may not pay for an E/M service billed with the modifier “-57” if it was provided on the day of or the day before a procedure with a 0 or 10 day global surgical period.

Example usage for Modifier 57

Modifier -57: An E&M service that resulted in the initial decision to perform surgery.

• May be appended to E&M services that resulted in the initial decision to perform a surgery.

Example

Initial office visit for 65-year old female who suffered severe ankle trauma in a fall. Patient was found to have a fracture of the left malleoli. Surgical repair and pinning was recommended.

Incomplete Billing Complete Billing Diagnosis 824.8 (Fracture of ankle, unspecified, closed)

824.8 (Fracture of ankle, unspecified, closed)

Code 99204 Office or other outpatient visit for the E&M of a new patient

27814 Open treatment of bimalleolar ankle fracture (e.g. lateral and medial malleoli, or lateral and posterior malleoli, or medial and posterior malleoli), includes internal fixation, when performed.

99204-57

27814 Note: Anthem Blue Cross commonly sees incomplete coding examples for modifier-59 as indicated above from the following specialties: Physical Therapy, Chiropractic and Acupuncture. Modifier -59: Distinct procedural service.


Significant, Separately Identifiable E/M Service by the Same Physician on the Same Day of the Procedure


Modifier “-25” (Significant, separately identifiable E/M service by the same physician on the same day of the procedure), indicates that the patient’s condition required a significant, separately identifiable E/M service beyond the usual pre-operative and post-operative care associated with the procedure or service.

Use modifier “-25” with the appropriate level of E/M service.

• Use modifiers “-24” (Unrelated E/M service by the same physician during a post-operative period) and “-25” when a significant, separately identifiable E/M service on the day of a procedure falls within the post-operative period of another unrelated procedure.

Different diagnoses are not required for reporting the E/M service on the same date as the procedure or other service. Both the medically necessary E/M service and the procedure must be appropriately and sufficiently documented by the physician or qualified non-physician practitioner in the patient’s medical record to support the claim for these services, even though the documentation is not required to be submitted with the claim.


Global Surgery

Critical care services shall not be paid on the same calendar date the physician also reports a procedure code with a global surgical period unless the critical care is billed with CPT modifier -25 to indicate that the critical care is a significant, separately identifiable evaluation and management service that is above and beyond the usual pre and post operative care associated with the procedure that is performed.

Services such as endotracheal intubation (CPT code 31500) and the insertion and placement of a flow directed catheter e.g., Swan-Ganz (CPT code 93503) are not bundled into the critical care codes. Therefore, separate payment may be made for critical care in addition to these services if the critical care was a significant, separately identifiable service and it was reported with modifier -25. The time spent performing the pre, intra, and post procedure work of these  unbundled services, e.g., endotracheal intubation, shall be excluded from the determination of the time spent providing critical care.

This policy applies to any procedure with a 0, 10 or 90 day global period including cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPT code 92950). CPR has a global period of 0 days and is not bundled into critical care codes. Therefore, critical care may be billed in addition to CPR if critical care was a significant, separately identifiable service and it was reported with modifier -25. The time spent performing CPR shall be excluded from the determination of the time spent providing critical care. In this instance it must be the physician who performs the resuscitation who bills for this service. Members of a code team must not each bill Medicare Part B for this service.

When postoperative critical care services (for procedures with a global surgical period) are provided by a physician other than the surgeon, no modifier is required unless all surgical postoperative care has been officially transferred from the surgeon to the physician performing the critical care services. In this situation, CPT modifiers "-54" (surgical care only) and "-55"(postoperative management only) must be used by the surgeon and intensivist who are submitting claims. Medical record documentation by the surgeon and the physician who assumes a transfer (e.g., intensivist) is required to support claims for services when CPT modifiers -54 and -55 are used indicating the transfer of care from the surgeon to the intensivist.  Critical Care Services Provided During Preoperative Portion and Postoperative Portion of Global Period of Procedure with 90 Day Global Period in Trauma and Burn Cases Preoperative critical care and/or postoperative care may be paid in addition to a global fee if the patient is critically ill and requires the full attention of the physician, and the critical care is unrelated to the specific anatomic injury or general surgical procedure performed. Such patients may meet the definition of being critically ill and criteria for conditions where there is a high probability of imminent or life threatening deterioration in the patient’s condition.

• For preoperative care modifier -25 (significant, separately identifiable evaluation and management services by the same physician on the day of the procedure) must be used with the HCPCS code

• For postoperative care modifier -24 (unrelated evaluation and management service by the same physician during a postoperative period) must be used with the HCPCS code. In addition, for each preoperative and postoperative care the diagnosis must clearly indicate that the critical care was unrelated to the surgery

Ventilator Management

Medicare recognizes the ventilator codes (CPT codes 94002 - 94004, 94660 and 94662) as physician services payable under the physician fee schedule. Medicare Part B under the physician fee schedule does not pay for ventilator management services in addition to an evaluation and management service (e.g., critical care services, CPT codes 99291 - 99292) on the same day for the patient even when the evaluation and management service is billed with CPT modifier -25.

Procedure Codes and Modifiers Use of the modifiers in this section apply to both major procedures with a 90-day postoperative period and minor procedures with a 10-day postoperative period (and/or a zero day postoperative period in the case of modifiers “-22” and “-25”).  Physicians in Group Practice When different physicians in a group practice participate in the care of the patient, the group bills for the entire global package if the physicians reassign benefits to the group. The physician who performs the surgery is shown as the performing physician. (For dates of service prior to January 1, 1994, however,
where a new physician furnishes the entire postoperative care,  the group billed for the surgical care and the postoperative care as separate line items with the appropriate modifiers.)

3. Physicians Who Furnish Part of a Global Surgical Package Where physicians agree on the transfer of care during the global period, the following modifiers are used:

• “-54” for surgical care only; or

• “-55” for postoperative management only. Both the bill for the surgical care only and the bill for the postoperative care only, will contain the same date of service and the same surgical procedure code, with the services distinguished by the use of the appropriate modifier.

Providers need not specify on the claim that care has been transferred. However, the date on which care was relinquished or assumed, as applicable, must be shown on the claim. This should be indicated in the remarks field/free text segment on the claim form/format. Both the surgeon and the physician providing the postoperative care must keep a copy of the written transfer agreement in the beneficiary’s medical record. Where a transfer of postoperative care occurs, the receiving physician cannot bill for any part of the global services until he/she has provided at least one service. Once the physician has seen the patient, that physician may bill for the period beginning with the date on which he/she assumes care of the patient

EXCEPTIONS:

• Where a transfer of care does not occur, occasional post-discharge services of a physician other than the surgeon are reported by the appropriate evaluation and management code. No modifiers are necessary on the claim.

• If the transfer of care occurs immediately after surgery, the physician other than the surgeon who provides the in-hospital postoperative care bills using subsequent hospital care codes for the inpatient hospital care and the surgical code with the “-55” modifier for the post-discharge care. The surgeon bills the surgery code with the “-54” modifier.

• Physicians who provide follow-up services for minor procedures performed in emergency departments bill the appropriate level of office visit code. The physician who performs the emergency room service bills for the surgical procedure without a modifier.

• If the services of a physician other than the surgeon are required during a postoperative period for an underlying condition or medical complication, the other physician reports the appropriate evaluation and management code. No modifiers are necessary on the claim. An example is a cardiologist who manages underlying cardiovascular conditions of a patient.

Evaluation and Management Service Resulting in the Initial Decision to Perform Surgery

Evaluation and management services on the day before major surgery or on the day of major surgery that result in the initial decision to perform the surgery are not included in the global surgery payment for the major surgery and, therefore, may be billed and paid separately.

In addition to the CPT evaluation and management code, modifier “-57” (decision for surgery) is used to identify a visit which results in the initial decision to perform surgery. (Modifier “-QI” was used for dates of service prior to January 1, 1994.)
If evaluation and management services occur on the day of surgery, the physician bills using modifier “- 57,” not “-25.” The “-57” modifier is not used with minor surgeries because the global period for minor surgeries does not include the day prior to the surgery. Moreover, where the decision to perform the minor procedure is typically done immediately before the service, it is considered a routine preoperative service and a visit or consultation is not billed in addition to the procedure.

Return Trips to the Operating Room During the Postoperative Period When treatment for complications requires a return trip to the operating room, physicians must bill the CPT code that describes the procedure(s) performed during the return trip. If no such code exists, use the unspecified procedure code in the correct series, i.e., 47999 or 64999. The procedure code for the original surgery is not used except when the identical procedure is repeated.

In addition to the CPT code, physicians use CPT modifier “-78” for these return trips (return to the operating room for a related procedure during a postoperative period.)

The physician may also need to indicate that another procedure was performed during the postoperative period of the initial procedure. When this subsequent procedure is related to the first procedure and requires the use of the operating room, this circumstance may be reported by adding the modifier “-78” to the related procedure.

NOTE: The CPT definition for this modifier does not limit its use to treatment for complications.

Staged or Related Procedures

Modifier “-58” was established to facilitate billing of staged or related surgical procedures done during the postoperative period of the first procedure. This modifier is not used to report the treatment of a problem that requires a return to the operating room.

The physician may need to indicate that the performance of a procedure or service during the postoperative period was:
a. Planned prospectively or at the time of the original procedure;
b. More extensive than the original procedure; or
c. For therapy following a diagnostic surgical procedure.

These circumstances may be reported by adding modifier “-58” to the staged procedure. A new postoperative period begins when the next procedure in the series is billed.

Unrelated Procedures or Visits During the Postoperative Period

Two CPT modifiers were established to simplify billing for visits and other procedures which are furnished during the postoperative period of a surgical procedure, but which are not included in the payment for the surgical procedure. Modifier “-79”: Reports an unrelated procedure by the same physician during a postoperative period.

The physician may need to indicate that the performance of a procedure or service during a postoperative period was unrelated to the original procedure.

A new postoperative period begins when the unrelated procedure is billed.

Modifier “-24”: Reports an unrelated evaluation and management service by same physician during a postoperative period. The physician may need to indicate that an evaluation and management service was performed during the postoperative period of an unrelated procedure. This circumstance is reported by adding the modifier “-24” to the appropriate level of evaluation and management service.
Services submitted with the “-24” modifier must be sufficiently  documented to establish that the visit

was unrelated to the surgery. A diagnosis code that clearly indicates that the reason for the encounter was unrelated to the surgery is acceptable documentation. A physician who is responsible for postoperative care and has reported and been paid using modifier “- 55” also uses modifier “-24” to report any unrelated visits.

Significant Evaluation and Management on the Day of a Procedure

Modifier “-25” is used to facilitate billing of evaluation and management services on the day of a  procedure for which separate payment may be made.

It is used to report a significant, separately identifiable evaluation and management service by same physician on the day of a procedure. The physician may need to indicate that on the day a procedure or service that is identified with a CPT code was performed, the patient’s condition required a significant,  separately identifiable evaluation and management service above and beyond the usual preoperative and postoperative care associated with the procedure or service that was performed. This circumstance may be reported by adding the modifier “-25” to the appropriate level of evaluation and management service.

Claims containing evaluation and management codes with modifier “-25” are not subject to prepayment review except in the following situations:

• Effective January 1, 1995, all evaluation and management services provided on the same day as inpatient dialysis are denied without review with the exception of CPT Codes 99221-9223, 99251-99255, and 99238. These codes may be billed with modifier “-25” and reviewed for possible allowance if the evaluation and management service is unrelated to the treatment of ESRD and was not, and could not, have been provided during the dialysis treatment;
• When preoperative critical care codes are being billed for within a global surgical period; and

• When A/B MACs (B) have conducted a specific medical review process and determined, after reviewing the data, that an individual or group have high statistics in terms of the use of modifier “-25,” have done a case-by-case review of the records to verify that the use of modifier “-25” was inappropriate, and have educated the individual or group as to the proper use of this modifier.

Unusual Circumstances

Surgeries for which services performed are significantly greater than usually required may be billed with the “-22” modifier added to the CPT code for the procedure. Surgeries for which services performed are significantly less than usually required may be billed with the “-52” modifier. The biller must provide:

• A concise statement about how the service differs from the usual; and

• An operative report with the claim. Modifier “-22” should only be reported with procedure codes that have a global period of 0, 10, or 90 days. There is no such restriction on the use of modifier “-52.”  Date(s) of Service

Physicians, who bill for the entire global surgical package or for only a portion of the care, must enter the date on which the surgical procedure was performed in the “From/To” date of service field. This will enable A/B MACs (B) to relate all appropriate billings to the correct surgery. Physicians who share postoperative management with another physician must submit additional information showing when they assumed and  relinquished responsibility for the postoperative care. If the physician who performed the surgeryrelinquishes care at the time of discharge, he or she need only show the date of surgery when billing with modifier “-54.”

However, if the surgeon also cares for the patient for some period following discharge, the surgeon must show the date of surgery and the date on which postoperative care was relinquished to another physician. The physician providing the remaining postoperative care must show the date care was assumed. This information should be shown in Item 19 on the paper Form CMS-1500.

Care Provided in Different Payment Localities

If portions of the global period are provided in different payment localities, the services should be billed to the A/B MAC (B) servicing each applicable payment locality. For example, if the surgery is performed in one state and the postoperative care is provided in another state, the surgery is billed with modifier “-54” to the A/B MAC (B) servicing the payment locality where the surgery was performed and the postoperative care is billed with modifier “-55” to the A/B MAC (B) servicing the payment locality where the postoperative care was performed. This is true whether the services were performed by the same physician/group or different physicians/groups.

Health Professional Shortage Area (HPSA) Payments for Services Which are Subject to the Global Surgery Rules HPSA bonus payments may be made for global surgeries when the services are provided in HPSAs. The following are guidelines for the appropriate billing procedures:
• If the entire global package is provided in a HPSA, physicians should bill for the appropriate global surgical code with the applicable HPSA modifier.

• If only a portion of the global package is provided in a HPSA, the physician should bill using a HPSA modifier for the portion which is provided in the HPSA.

EXAMPLE

The surgical portion of the global service is provided in a non-HPSA and the postoperative portion is provided in a HPSA. The surgical portion should be billed with the “-54” modifier and no HPSA modifier. The postoperative portion should be billed with the “-55” modifier and the appropriate HPSA modifier. The 10 percent bonus will be paid on the appropriate postoperative portion only. If a claim is submitted with a global surgical code and a HPSA modifier, the A/B MAC (B) assumes that the entire global service was provided in a HPSA in the absence of evidence otherwise. NOTE: The sum of the payments made for the surgical and postoperative services provided in different localities will not equal the global amount in either of the localities because of geographic adjustments made through the Geographic Practice Cost Indices.

Prepayment Edits to Detect Separate Billing of Services Included in the Global Package

In addition to the correct coding edits, A/B MACs (B) must be capable of detecting certain other services included in the payment for a major or minor surgery or for an endoscopy. On a prepayment basis, A/B MACs (B) identify the services that meet the following conditions:

• Preoperative services that are submitted on the same claim or on a subsequent claim as a surgical procedure; or

• Same day or postoperative services that are submitted on the same claim or on a subsequent claim as a surgical procedure or endoscopy; and -

• Services that were furnished within the prescribed global period of the surgical procedure;

• Services that are billed without modifier “-78,” “-79,” “-24,” “25,” or “-57” or are billed with modifier “-24” but without the required documentation; and

• Services that are billed with the same provider or group number as the surgical procedure orendoscopy. Also, edit for any visits billed separately during the postoperative period without modifier “-24” by a physician who billed for the postoperative care only with modifier “-55.”

A/B MACs (B) use the following evaluation and management codes in establishing edits for visits included in the global package. CPT codes 99241, 99242, 99243, 99244, 99245, 99251, 99252, 99253, 99254,  99255, 99271, 99272, 99273, 99274, and 99275 have been transferred from  the excluded category and are now included in the global surgery edits.

Evaluation and Management Codes for A/B MAC (B) Edits

92012 92014 99211 99212 99213 9921499215 99217 99218 99219 99220 99221 99222 99223 99231 99232 99233 99234 99235 99236 99238 99239 99241 99242 99243 99244 99245 99251 99252 99253 99254 99255 99261 99262 99263 99271 99272 99273 99274 99275 99291 99292 99301 99302 99303 99311 99312 99313 99315 99316 99331 99332 99333 99347 99348 99349 99350 99374 99375 99377 99378

NOTE: In order for codes 99291 or 99292 to be paid for services furnished during the preoperative or postoperative period, modifier “-25” or “-24,” respectively, must be used to indicate that the critical care was unrelated to the specific anatomic injury or general surgical procedure performed.

If a surgeon is admitting a patient to a nursing facility for a condition not related to the global surgical procedure, the physician should bill for the nursing facility admission and care with a “-24” modifier and appropriate documentation. If a surgeon is admitting a patient to a nursing facility and the patient’s admission to that facility relates to the global surgical procedure, the nursing facility admission and any services related to the global surgical procedure are included in the global surgery fee.

Exclusions from Prepayment Edits

A/B MACs (B) exclude the following services from the prepayment audit process and allow separate payment if all usual requirements are met: Services listed in §40.1.B; and Services billed with the modifier “-25,” “-57,” “-58,” “-78,” or “-79.”

Exceptions See §§40.2.A.8, 40.2.A.9, and 40.4.A for instances where prepayment review is required for modifier “-25.”

In addition, prepayment review is necessary for CPT codes 90935, 90937, 90945, and 90947 when a visitand modifier “-25” are billed with these services.

Exclude the following codes from the prepayment edits required in §40.3.B.

92002 92004 99201 99202 99203 99204 99205 99281 99282 99283 99284 99285 99321 99322 99323 99341 99342 99343 99344 99345

Fragmented Billing of Services Included in the Global Package

Since the Medicare fee schedule amount for surgical procedures includes all services that are part of the global surgery package, A/B MACs (B) do not pay more than that amount when a bill is fragmented. When total charges for fragmented services exceed the global fee, process the claim as a fee schedule reduction  (except where stated policies, e.g., the surgeon performs  only the surgery and a physician other than the surgeon provides preoperative and postoperative inpatient care, result in payment that is higher than the global surgery allowed amount). A/B MACs (B) do not attribute such reductions to medical review savings except where the usual medical review process results in recoding of a service, and the recoded service is included in the global surgery package.

The maximum a nonparticipating physician may bill a beneficiary on an unassigned claim for services included in the global surgery package is the limiting charge for the surgical procedure. In addition, the limitation of liability provision (§1879 of the Act) does not apply to these determinations since they are fee schedule reductions, not denials based upon medical necessity or custodial care. Claims for surgeries billed with a “-22” or “-52” modifier, are priced by individual consideration if the statement and documentation required by §40.2.A.10 are included. If the statement and documentation are not submitted with the claim, pricing for “-22” is it the fee schedule rate for the same surgery submitted without the “-22” modifier. Pricing for “-52” is not done without the required documentation. Separate payment is allowed for visits and procedures billed with modifier “-78,” “-79,” “-24,” “-25,” “-57,” or “-58.” Modifier “-24” must be accompanied by sufficient documentation that the visit is unrelated to the surgery. Also, when used with the critical care codes, modifiers “-24” and “-25” must be accompanied by documentation that the critical care was unrelated to the specific anatomic injury or general surgical procedure performed.

A/B MACs (B) do not allow separate payment for evaluation and management services furnished on the same day or during the postoperative period of a surgery if the services are billed without modifier “-24,” “- 25,” or “-57.” These services should be denied. A/B MACs (B) do not allow separate payment for visits during the postoperative period that are billed with the modifier “-24” but without sufficient documentation.

These services should also be denied. Modifier “-24” is intended for use with services that are absolutely unrelated to the surgery. It is not to be used for the medical management of a patient by the surgeon following surgery. Recognize modifier “-24” only for care following discharge unless:

• The care is for immunotherapy management furnished by the transplant surgeon;
• The care is for critical care for a burn or trauma patient; or
• The documentation demonstrates that the visit occurred during a subsequent hospitalization and the diagnosis supports the fact that it is unrelated to the original surgery.

A/B MACs (B) do not allow separate payment for an additional procedure(s) with a global surgery fee period if furnished during the postoperative period of a prior procedure and if billed without modifier “-58,” “-78,” or “-79.” These services should be denied. Codes with the global surgery indicator of “XXX” in the MFSDB can be paid separately without a modifier.

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