Tuesday, October 6, 2009

Pre Authorization and referral authorization

Pre-authorization:


• A system whereby a provider must receive approval from a staff member of the health plan, such as the health plan Medical Director, before a member can receive certain health care services.

• It relates not only whether a service of procedure is covered but also to find out whether it is medically necessary.

Referral Authorization:


•A formal process that authorizes an HMO member to get care from a specialist or hospital. Most HMOs require patients to get a referral from their primary care doctor before seeing a specialist.

Important Referral/Authorization Information

• Any provider other than the recipient’s PCP must obtain a referral from the recipient’s PCP, prior to rendering services, in order to receive payment from Medicaid. Any provider who provides a non-exempt, non-emergent (routine) service for a CommunityCARE enrollee, without obtaining the appropriate referral/authorization prior to the service being provided risks non-payment by Medicaid. DHH and Unisys will not assist providers with obtaining referrals/authorizations for care not requested in accordance with CommunityCARE policy. PCPs are not required to respond to requests for referrals/authorizations for non-emergent/routine care not made in accordance with CommunityCARE policy: i.e. requests made after the service has been rendered.

• When ancillary services such as DME or Home Health are ordered by a provider other than the PCP, the ordering provider is responsible for obtaining the CommunityCARE referral/authorization. For example, when a patient is being discharged from the hospital it is the responsibility of the discharging physician/hospital discharge planner to coordinate with the patient’s PCP to obtain the appropriate referral/authorization. The hospital physician/discharge planner, not the ancillary provider, has all of the necessary documentation needed by the PCP. The ancillary provider should use one of the Medicaid Eligibility Verification systems to confirm that the referral/authorization they received is from the PCP that the recipient was linked to on the date of service. The ancillary provider cannot receive reimbursement from Medicaid without the appropriate PCP referral/authorization.

• Depending on the medical needs of the enrollee as determined by the PCP, referrals/authorizations for specialty care should be written to cover a specific condition and/or a specific number of visits and/or a specific period of time not to exceed six months. There are exceptions to the six month limit for specific situations, as set forth in the CommunityCARE Handbook. When the PCP refers a recipient to a specialist for treatment of a specific condition, it is appropriate for the specialist to share a copy of the PCP’s written referral/authorization for additional services that may be required in the course of treating that condition.


Examples:

o An oncologist has received a written referral/authorization from the PCP to provide treatment to his CommunityCARE patient. During the course of treatment, the oncologist sends a patient to the hospital for a blood transfusion.

The oncologist should send the hospital a copy of the written referral/authorization that he received from the PCP. The hospital SHOULD NOT require a separate referral/authorization from the PCP for the transfusion.

However, if the oncologist discovers a new condition not related to the condition  for which the original referral/authorization was written, and that new condition requires the services of a different specialist, the PCP must be advised. The PCP would then determine whether the enrollee should be referred for the new condition.

o The PCP refers his CommunityCARE patient to a surgeon for an outpatient procedure and sends the surgeon a written referral/authorization. The surgeon must provide a copy of that written referral/authorization to any other provider whose services may be needed during that episode of care (i.e. DME, Home Health, and anesthesia).

• Recipients may not be held responsible for claims denied due to provider errors or failure to follow Medicaid policies/procedures, such as failure to obtain a PCP referral/authorization, prior authorization or pre-cert, failure to timely file, incorrect TPL carrier code, etc.

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